Changes in pre- to post-immigration HIV risk behaviors among recent Latino immigrants

AIDS Educ Prev. 2015 Feb;27(1):44-57. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2015.27.1.44.


This prospective longitudinal study examined pre- to post-immigration HIV risk behavior trajectories among recent Latino immigrants in Miami-Dade County (Florida). We identified socio-demographic factors associated with these trajectories and collected retrospective pre-immigration HIV risk behavior data at baseline from a sample of 527 Caribbean, South American, and Central American Latinos ages 18-34 who immigrated to the U.S. less than one year prior. Two follow-up assessments (12 months apart) reported on participants' post-immigration HIV risk behaviors. Results indicated overall decreases in pre- to post-immigration condom use. In the sample, recent Latino immigrants with lower education, younger age, and higher incomes had steeper decreases in pre- to post-immigration condom use. We also found differences in the risk behavior trajectories of males and females. Latino women reported significant increases in the number of sexual partners post immigration, while men reported decreases in the number of sexual partners after immigrating to the U.S.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Alcohol Drinking / ethnology
  • Alcohol Drinking / psychology
  • Central America / ethnology
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Condoms / trends
  • Cuba / ethnology
  • Educational Status
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / psychology*
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Florida / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / ethnology*
  • HIV Infections / psychology
  • Hispanic or Latino / ethnology
  • Hispanic or Latino / psychology*
  • Hispanic or Latino / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Sexual Behavior / ethnology
  • Sexual Partners*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • South America / ethnology
  • Time Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult