Lunasin alleviates allergic airway inflammation while increases antigen-specific Tregs

PLoS One. 2015 Feb 3;10(2):e0115330. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0115330. eCollection 2015.

Abstract

Lunasin is a naturally occurring peptide isolated from soybeans and has been explored in cancer treatment. Lunasin inhibits NF-κB activation and thus pro-inflammatory cytokine and mediator production in macrophages. In this study we demonstrate that lunasin can effectively suppress allergic airway inflammation in two murine models of asthma. In an OVA+Alum sensitization model, intranasal lunasin treatment at the time of OVA challenges significantly reduced total cells counts in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and eosinophilia, peribronchiolar inflammatory infiltration, goblet cell metaplasia and airway IL-4 production. In an OVA+LPS intranasal sensitization model, lunasin treatment either at the time of sensitization or challenge has similar effects in suppress allergic airway inflammation including significantly reduced total cell and eosinophil counts in BAL fluid, inflammatory gene Fizz1 expression in the lung, and IL-4 production by OVA re-stimulated cells from mediastinal lymph nodes. We further show that intranasal instillation of OVA+lunasin significantly increases OVA-specific regulatory T cell (Treg) accumulation in the lung comparing to OVA only treatment. Taken together, our results suggest lunasin as an anti-inflammatory agent can be potentially used in asthma therapy or as an adjuvant to enhance the induction of antigen-specific Tregs and thus boost the efficacy of allergy immunotherapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alum Compounds
  • Animals
  • Antigens / immunology*
  • Asthma / complications
  • Asthma / drug therapy
  • Asthma / immunology*
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / immunology
  • Eosinophils / drug effects
  • Eosinophils / immunology
  • Female
  • Goblet Cells / drug effects
  • Goblet Cells / immunology
  • Hypersensitivity / complications*
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Lung / drug effects
  • Lung / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Ovalbumin / immunology
  • Soybean Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Soybean Proteins / therapeutic use
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / drug effects*
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / immunology*

Substances

  • Alum Compounds
  • Antigens
  • GM2S-1 protein, Glycine max
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Soybean Proteins
  • ovalbumin-alum
  • Ovalbumin