Purpose: Previous studies identified follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) and luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor (LHCGR) genes as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) susceptibility loci, which was dependent on the racial/ethnic background of studied population. We investigated the association of genetic variants in FSHR and LHCGR with PCOS in Bahraini Arab women.
Methods: A retrospective case-control study, involving 203 women with PCOS, and 211 age- and ethnically-matched control women. FSHR and LHCGR genotyping was done by allelic exclusion method (real-time PCR).
Results: Significantly lower frequencies of heterozygous LHCGR rs7371084 and FSHR rs11692782 genotype carriers were seen between women with PCOS vs. controls, and increased frequency of heterozygous homozygous LHCGR rs4953616 genotype carriers were detected between women with PCOS compared to control women. Limited linkage disequilibrium was noted among LHCGR and FSHR SNPs, and 2 blocks were constructed: the first (Block 1) spanning 61 kb contained the six tested LHCGR SNPs, and the second (Block 2) spanning 298 kb contained four of the five tested FSHR SNPs. Higher frequency of LHCGR GTCAAG haplotype was seen in women with PCOS compared to controls; the frequencies of the remaining LHCGR haplotypes, and all FSHR haplotypes were similar between cases and controls.
Conclusion: This is the first study to confirm the association of novel LHCGR (rs7371084, rs4953616) and FSHR (rs11692782) SNPs with PCOS. The differential association of LHCGR and FSHR variants with PCOS confirms the racial/ethnic contribution to their association with PCOS.