A new species of Euphlyctis (Anura: Dicroglossidae) from Barisal, Bangladesh

PLoS One. 2015 Feb 4;10(2):e0116666. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116666. eCollection 2015.


A new species of the genus Euphlyctis is described from the Barisal district of Bangladesh and compared with its morphologically similar and geographically proximate congeners. The new species is highly divergent in comparison to other congeneric species on basis of sequence divergence in mitochondrial DNA gene sequences (ranging from 5.5% to 17.8% divergence). Euphlyctis kalasgramensis sp. nov. can be readily diagnosed by having the following combination of characters: snout-vent length (SVL) 30.44 - 37.88 mm, absence of mid-dorsal line, nostril-snout length 3% of SVL, nostril much closer to snout tip than eye, nostril-snout length 48% of distance from front of eyes to nostril, relative length of fingers (shortest to longest: 1 = 2 < 4 < 3), tibia length 59% of SVL, foot length 55% of SVL.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anura / anatomy & histology
  • Anura / classification*
  • Anura / genetics
  • Bangladesh
  • Genetic Variation
  • Phylogeny
  • Pigmentation

Grants and funding

This work was funded by the Center for International Mobility (CIMO; Finland) and the Finnish Cultural Foundation (https://www.skr.fi/en/finnish-cultural-foundation). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.