Aim: To find out the anthropometric relationship of Inter-condylar distance to Inter-canine and Inter-molar distance of maxillary arch and occlusal vertical dimension in dentate individuals of South Indian population.
Materials and methods: A total number of 120 dentate individuals were randomly equally divided into Group A and Group B. According to the face form, each Group was again subdivided into four subgroups. Subgroup A1 and B1 contained Square face form, Subgroup A2 and B2 Tapered, Subgroup A3 and B3 Square tapered and Subgroup A4 and B4 Ovoid face form. The ratio of ICD to U3, U6 and OVD of Group A individuals were applied to the Group B individuals with similar face forms and the clinical significance of the ratios were evaluated.
Results: No significant difference (p-value=0.841) was observed in the ratio of U6 to ICD (U6/ICD) in all the face forms. A significant difference (p-value = 0.010) in the mean value was observed when the ratio of OVD to ICD (OVD/ICD) was compared between the squared tapered face form of Group A (0.60 ± 0.01) and Group B (0.06±0.03). A significant difference (p value = 0.007) was observed between the measured (62.47 ±2.77) and calculated (64.99±2.61) values of OVD in square taper face form.
Conclusion: In south Indian population, ICD can be used as a reliable guide line to determine the bucco-palatal position of maxillary first molar irrespective of the face forms.
Keywords: Denar posterior reference points; External auditory canal; Face form; Outer canthus of eye; Willis gauge.
The Effect of Increasing Occlusal Vertical Dimension on Face HeightMD Gross et al. Int J Prosthodont 15 (4), 353-7. PMID 12170849.Attempts to alter face height by changing OVD within the range of 2 to 6 mm for esthetic reasons may not be visually distinguishable.
Eye-rima Oris Distance and Its Relation to the Vertical Dimension of Occlusion Measured by Two Methods: Anthropometric Study in a Sample of Yemeni Dental StudentsMN Alhajj et al. Eur J Dent 10 (1), 29-33. PMID 27011736.The distance from the outer canthus of the eye to the parting of the lips seems to be a reliable method in predicting the OVD and should relate to the distance from the t …
Re-evaluation of Interarch Space Determination in Fully Dentate Adults With Different Facial Forms: A Clinical StudyA Aradya et al. Indian J Dent Res 28 (6), 613-616. PMID 29256457.The conclusions were drawn, to understand the average inter-arch space in various facial forms, which was more than 3-4 mm.
Are Speech-Based Techniques for Determination of Occlusal Vertical Dimension Reliable?WC Rivera-Morales et al. Compend Contin Educ Dent 18 (12), 1214-5, 1219-23. PMID 9656845. - ReviewThis article describes the most common techniques used for clinical assessment of occlusal vertical dimension (OVD), and includes a discussion of recently published data …
Clinical Considerations for Increasing Occlusal Vertical Dimension: A ReviewJ Abduo et al. Aust Dent J 57 (1), 2-10. PMID 22369551. - ReviewThe purpose of this article is to discuss the clinical considerations related to increasing the occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) when restoring a patient's dentition. Th …