Ultrasensitive quantification of TAP-dependent antigen compartmentalization in scarce primary immune cell subsets

Nat Commun. 2015 Feb 6;6:6199. doi: 10.1038/ncomms7199.


Presentation of peptides on major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC I) is essential for the establishment and maintenance of self-tolerance, priming of antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells and the exertion of several T-cell effector functions. Cytosolic proteasomes continuously degrade proteins into peptides, which are actively transported across the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane by the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). In the ER lumen antigenic peptides are loaded onto MHC I, which is displayed on the cell surface. Here we describe an innovative flow cytometric approach to monitor time-resolved ER compartmentalization of antigenic peptides. This assay allows the analysis of distinct primary human immune cell subsets at reporter peptide concentrations of 1 nM. Thus, this ultrasensitive method for the first time permits quantification of TAP activity under close to physiological conditions in scarce primary cell subsets such as antigen cross-presenting dendritic cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / metabolism*
  • Antigens / metabolism*
  • Cell Compartmentation*
  • Computer Systems
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Herpesvirus 1, Bovine / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology*
  • Protein Transport
  • Viral Proteins / metabolism


  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Antigens
  • Viral Proteins
  • transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP)