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. 1989;77(5):494-506.
doi: 10.1007/BF00687251.

Alzheimer's Disease: Areal and Laminar Pathology in the Occipital Isocortex


Alzheimer's Disease: Areal and Laminar Pathology in the Occipital Isocortex

H Braak et al. Acta Neuropathol. .


Sensitive and specific silver methods for demonstration of (1) amyloid and/or precursors of amyloid and (2) neurofibrillary changes were applied to examine the pathology revealed by the occipital isocortex in cases of Alzheimer's disease and age-matched controls. In general, amyloid and/or precursors of amyloid are encountered in plaque-like formations. Large numbers of amyloid plaques occur in layers that only occasionally harbor neuritic plaques. Amyloid deposits can be found in abundance in the occipital cortex of demented individuals exhibiting an only sparse number of neuritic plaques. In demented individuals the striate area contains almost as much amyloid as the parastriate area or the peristriate region. Neurofibrillary changes are encountered in neuritic plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuropil threads. Neuritic plaques are predominantly found in layers II and III. Their density changes even within the boundaries of architectonic units. Large numbers of plaques are found in the cortex covering the depth of the sulci. The number of neurofibrillary tangles increases abruptly when passing the striate/parastriate and the parastriate/peristriate boundaries. The neuropil threads may densely fill a layer without the presence of neurofibrillary tangles (layer V of the striate area). Neuropil threads contribute a substantial part to the total amount of the intraneuronally deposited pathological material.

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