The sequential resonance assignment of the 1H NMR spectrum of the antihypertensive and antiviral protein BDS-I from the sea anemone Anemonia sulcata is presented. This is carried out with two-dimensional NMR techniques to identify through-bond and through-space (less than 5 A) connectivities. Added spectral complexity arises from the fact that the sample is an approximately 1:1 mixture of two BDS-I isoproteins, (Leu-18)-BDS-I and (Phe-18)-BDS-I. Complete assignments, however, are obtained, largely due to the increased resolution and sensitivity afforded at 600 MHz. In addition, the stereospecific assignment of a large number of beta-methylene protons is achieved from an analysis of the pattern of 3J alpha beta coupling constants and the relative magnitudes of intraresidue NOEs involving the NH, C alpha H, and C beta H protons. Regular secondary structure elements are deduced from a qualitative interpretation of the nuclear Overhauser enhancement, 3JHN alpha coupling constant, and amide NH exchange data. A triple-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet is found to be related to that found in partially homologous sea anemone polypeptide toxins.