Dicarbonyl stress is the abnormal accumulation of dicarbonyl metabolites leading to increased protein and DNA modification contributing to cell and tissue dysfunction in ageing and disease. Enzymes metabolising dicarbonyls, glyoxalase 1 and aldoketo reductases, provide an efficient and stress-response enzyme defence against dicarbonyl stress. Dicarbonyl stress is produced by increased formation and/or decreased metabolism of dicarbonyl metabolites, and by exposure to exogenous dicarbonyls. It contributes to ageing, disease and activity of cytototoxic chemotherapeutic agents.
Keywords: Cardiovascular disease; Diabetes; Glycation; Hypoxia; Inflammation; Oxidative stress.
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