Development and Initial Evaluation of a Telephone-Delivered, Behavioral Activation, and Problem-Solving Treatment Program to Address Functional Goals of Breast Cancer Survivors

J Psychosoc Oncol. 2015;33(2):199-218. doi: 10.1080/07347332.2014.1002659. Epub 2015 Feb 10.

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to develop and pilot test an intervention to optimize functional recovery for breast cancer survivors. Over two studies, 31 women enrolled in a goal-setting program via telephone. All eligible women enrolled (37% of those screened) and 66% completed all study activities. Completers were highly satisfied with the intervention, using it to address, on average, four different challenging activities. The longitudinal analysis showed a main effect of time for overall quality of life (F(5, 43.1) = 5.1, p = 0.001) and improvements in active coping (F (3, 31.7) = 4.9, p = 0.007), planning (F (3, 36.0) = 4.1, p = 0.01), reframing (F (3, 29.3) = 8.5, p < 0.001), and decreases in self-blame (F (3,31.6) = 4.3, p = 0.01). The intervention is feasible and warrants further study to determine its efficacy in fostering recovery and maximizing activity engagement after cancer treatment.

Keywords: occupational therapy; rehabilitation; survivorship.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / psychology*
  • Adult
  • Breast Neoplasms / psychology
  • Breast Neoplasms / rehabilitation*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Goals*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Therapy / methods*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Problem Solving
  • Program Development
  • Program Evaluation
  • Survivors / psychology*
  • Survivors / statistics & numerical data
  • Telephone
  • Treatment Outcome