The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was used to amplify a 356-bp DNA segment containing the suspected BamHI polymorphic site of the factor IX gene. Following the enzyme digestions and gel electrophoresis, polymorphic genotypes (-,+ and +/- types) were observed. The gene frequencies for the rare (+) allele are about 36% in blacks and 2% in Caucasians. The 356-bp DNA was further purified and sequenced. The sequencing gels revealed a single nucleotide substitution (T to G) at position -561 of the gene in blacks and Caucasians. The T-to-G transversion generated a new BamHI site (GGATCC,+type) from a nonenzymatic site, (TGATCC,-type).