Field size dependent mapping of medical linear accelerator radiation leakage

Phys Med Biol. 2015 Mar 7;60(5):2103-6. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/60/5/2103.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the suitability of a graphics library based model for the assessment of linear accelerator radiation leakage. Transmission through the shielding elements was evaluated using the build-up factor corrected exponential attenuation law and the contribution from the electron guide was estimated using the approximation of a linear isotropic radioactive source. Model parameters were estimated by a fitting series of thermoluminescent dosimeter leakage measurements, achieved up to 100 cm from the beam central axis along three directions. The distribution of leakage data at the patient plane reflected the architecture of the shielding elements. Thus, the maximum leakage dose was found under the collimator when only one jaw shielded the primary beam and was about 0.08% of the dose at isocentre. Overall, we observe that the main contributor to leakage dose according to our model was the electron beam guide. Concerning the discrepancies between the measurements used to calibrate the model and the calculations from the model, the average difference was about 7%. Finally, graphics library modelling is a readily and suitable way to estimate leakage dose distribution on a personal computer. Such data could be useful for dosimetric evaluations in late effect studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Electrons*
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Particle Accelerators / instrumentation*
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Thermoluminescent Dosimetry / methods*