Teeth grinding, oral motor performance and maximal bite force in cerebral palsy children

Spec Care Dentist. Jul-Aug 2015;35(4):170-4. doi: 10.1111/scd.12106. Epub 2015 Feb 11.


Aim: Identify whether the degree of oral motor performance is related to the presence of teeth grinding and maximal bite force values in children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Methods: Ninety-five spastic cerebral palsy children with and without teeth grinding, according to caregivers' reports, were submitted to a comprehensive oral motor performance evaluation during the feeding process using the Oral Motor Assessment Scale. Maximal bite force was measured using an electronic gnathodynamometer.

Results: The teeth grinding group (n = 42) was younger, used anticonvulsant drugs, and was more frequently classified within the subfunctional oral motor performance category. Teeth grinding subfunctional spastic cerebral palsy children presented lower values of maximal bite force. The functional groups showing the presence or absence of teeth grinding presented higher values of maximal bite force compared with the subfunctional groups.

Conclusion: In spastic cerebral palsy children, teeth grinding is associated with the worse oral motor performance.

Keywords: bruxism; cerebral palsy; maximal bite force; oral motor performance; spasticity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anticonvulsants / adverse effects
  • Bite Force*
  • Brazil
  • Bruxism / physiopathology*
  • Cerebral Palsy / physiopathology*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Skills / physiology*
  • Risk Factors


  • Anticonvulsants