NEWTON: Nimodipine Microparticles to Enhance Recovery While Reducing Toxicity After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Neurocrit Care. 2015 Oct;23(2):274-84. doi: 10.1007/s12028-015-0112-2.

Abstract

Background: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. EG-1962 is a sustained-release microparticle formulation of nimodipine that has shown preclinical efficacy when administered intraventricularly or intracisternally to dogs with SAH, without evidence of toxicity at doses in the anticipated therapeutic range. Thus, we propose to administer EG-1962 to humans in order to assess safety and tolerability and determine a dose to investigate efficacy in subsequent clinical studies.

Methods: We describe a Phase 1/2a multicenter, controlled, randomized, open-label, dose escalation study to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and assess the safety and tolerability of EG-1962 in patients with aSAH. The study will comprise two parts: a dose escalation period (Part 1) to determine the MTD of EG-1962 and a treatment period (Part 2) to assess the safety and tolerability of the selected dose of EG-1962. Patients with a ruptured saccular aneurysm treated by neurosurgical clipping or endovascular coiling will be considered for enrollment. Patients will be randomized to receive either EG-1962 (study drug: nimodipine microparticles) or oral nimodipine in the approved dose regimen (active control) within 60 h of aSAH.

Results: Primary objectives are to determine the MTD and the safety and tolerability of the selected dose of intraventricular EG-1962 as compared to enteral nimodipine. The secondary objective is to determine release and distribution by measuring plasma and CSF concentrations of nimodipine. Exploratory objectives are to determine the incidence of delayed cerebral infarction on computed tomography, clinical features of delayed cerebral ischemia, angiographic vasospasm, and incidence of rescue therapy and clinical outcome. Clinical outcome will be determined at 90 days after aSAH using the extended Glasgow outcome scale, modified Rankin scale, Montreal cognitive assessment, telephone interview of cognitive status, and Barthel index.

Conclusion: Here, we describe a Phase 1/2a multicenter, controlled, randomized, open-label, dose escalation study to determine the MTD and assess the safety and tolerability of EG-1962 in patients with aSAH.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01893190.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / complications
  • Calcium Channel Blockers* / administration & dosage
  • Calcium Channel Blockers* / adverse effects
  • Calcium Channel Blockers* / pharmacokinetics
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intraventricular
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multicenter Studies as Topic / methods*
  • Nimodipine* / administration & dosage
  • Nimodipine* / adverse effects
  • Nimodipine* / pharmacokinetics
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / methods*
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / drug therapy*
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Nimodipine

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01893190