Background: This study examined the relationship between work-related injuries and health outcomes among a cohort of blue-collar construction workers.
Materials and methods: Data were from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979 cohort (NLSY79; n = 12,686). A range of health outcomes among blue-collar construction workers (n = 1,435) were measured when they turned age 40 (1998-2006) and stratified by these workers' prior work-related injury status between 1988 and 2000. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to measure differences among subgroups.
Results: About 38% of the construction cohort reported injuries resulting in days away from work (DAFW); another 15% were injured but reported no DAFW (NDAFW). At age 40, an average of 10 years after injury, those with DAFW injury had worse self-reported general health and mental health, and more diagnosed conditions and functional limitations than those without injury. This difference was statistically significant after controlling for major demographics.
Discussion: Adverse health effects from occupational injury among construction workers persist longer than previously documented.
Keywords: chronic condition; days away from work; diagnosed disease; longitudinal study; mental health; occupational injury; self-reported health.
© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.