Tuberculosis in Russia. Its history and its status today

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Feb 15;191(4):372-6. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201305-0926OE.


The history of the Russian tuberculosis (TB) program, dating from the second part of the 19th century until today, is presented, and its achievements and failures are analyzed. The epidemiology of TB is described, and the effects of the TB program initiatives are described and analyzed. Multidrug-resistant TB and HIV coinfection represent severe threats to TB control effectiveness in Russia. New TB control strategies in the present-day epidemiological climate call for important shifts in TB facilities' networking, diagnosis, and treatment approaches.

Keywords: Russia; epidemiology; healthcare; history; tuberculosis.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Russia / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis / diagnosis
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis / history*
  • Tuberculosis / therapy