Seizures, refractory status epilepticus, and depolarization block as endogenous brain activities

Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2015 Jan;91(1):010701. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.91.010701. Epub 2015 Jan 8.


Epilepsy, refractory status epilepticus, and depolarization block are pathological brain activities whose mechanisms are poorly understood. Using a generic mathematical model of seizure activity, we show that these activities coexist under certain conditions spanning the range of possible brain activities. We perform a detailed bifurcation analysis and predict strategies to escape from some of the pathological states. Experimental results using rodent data provide support of the model, highlighting the concept that these pathological activities belong to the endogenous repertoire of brain activities.