Background: Autoimmune gastritis may present as pernicious anaemia arising from vitamin B12 malabsorption, but also with iron deficiency anaemia due to iron malabsorption. These different clinical presentations might have a genetic basis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with vitamin B12 levels have not been investigated in autoimmune gastritis.
Aims: To determine the frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms related to vitamin B12 levels in autoimmune gastritis patients, with or without pernicious anaemia, compared to healthy controls.
Methods: 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with vitamin B12 levels were selected from literature. 83 autoimmune gastritis patients (43 with and 40 without pernicious anaemia) and 173 controls were enrolled. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. Genotyping was performed using Sequenom MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry iPLEX platform.
Results: TCN2 (rs9606756) GG genotype, related with lower vitamin B12 levels, was found in 3 (3.6%) autoimmune gastritis patients (2 with pernicious anaemia), but in none of controls (p = 0.02). FUT6 (rs3760776) AA genotype was present in four (4.8%) autoimmune gastritis patients (all pernicious anaemia) and three (1.7%) controls (p = 0.007).
Conclusion: A genetic variant of TCN2 (rs9606756) related to lower vitamin B12 levels was more frequent in pernicious anaemia patients compared to controls, showing the plausibility of genetic factors determining the possible clinical manifestation of autoimmune gastritis.
Keywords: Autoimmune gastritis; Pernicious anaemia; Single nucleotide polymorphisms; Vitamin B(12).
Copyright © 2015 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.