An anthropometric data bank for the Iranian working population with ethnic diversity

Appl Ergon. 2015 May:48:95-103. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2014.10.009. Epub 2014 Dec 12.


This study constructed an anthropometric data bank for the Iranian working population. In total, thirty-seven body dimensions were measured among 3720 Iranian workers with different ethnicities (3000 male and 720 female; aged 20-60 years). Statistical analysis revealed significant differences for most of body dimensions among the ethnical groups. Moreover, the authors compared Iranian anthropometric characteristics with those of four Asian populations: Taiwanese, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Overall, 16 body dimensions for the five Asian populations were selected and compared. Accordingly, different morphological characteristics of these five populations were observed. The Iranian population showed wide shoulders and hips and long legs; the Chinese population showed narrow hips and shoulders and a short height relative to the other populations. The Korean sample recorded moderate body size comparing the other populations. The Taiwanese had large hands, relatively wide shoulders and short upper limbs. These differences in population dimensions should be taken into consideration for product and process design when expanding regional markets.

Keywords: Anthropometric characteristic; Bodily proportion; Ethnicity.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anthropometry*
  • Asian People / statistics & numerical data
  • Databases, Factual*
  • Employment / statistics & numerical data
  • Ethnicity / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iran / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • White People / statistics & numerical data
  • Young Adult