Early diagnosis behavior in Turkish women with and without a family history of cervical cancer

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16(2):401-6. doi: 10.7314/apjcp.2015.16.2.401.


Background: This study was planned as comparative and descriptive in order to measure and evaluate the knowledge and attitudes regarding early diagnosis of women with and without a family history of cervical cancer.

Materials and methods: The study sample consisted of the relatives of female patients (N=253) who were admitted to Istanbul University of Medicine. Women with a family history of cervical cancer formed the case group, while those without family history of cervical cancer constituted the control group. Two distinct data collection tools, a questionnaire and the Miller Behavioral Style Scale (MBSS), were used in order to obtain data for evaluation with SPSS for Windows 20.0 statistics package program.

Results: It was found that 61.0% of the case group with family history of cervical cancer and 19.0% of the control group without family history of cervical cancer were using early diagnostic methods. Thus the presence of an individual with cervical cancer in the family affected the attitudes towards early diagnosis. It was further found that the level of knowledge on cervical cancer and PAP smear test was higher in the case group, which was more sensitive with regard to being informed about cervical cancer as compared to general society. However, the average MBSS scores were not significantly different compared to the control group.

Conclusions: It was noted that, women participating this study knowledgeable, but this did not necessarily transform into better behavior.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Early Detection of Cancer / psychology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Papanicolaou Test / psychology*
  • Prognosis
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / genetics
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Young Adult