A monoclonal antibody (C219) that recognizes the P-glycoprotein (Mr = 170,000) in plasma membranes of multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines was used to assay renal brush border membrane (BBM) and basolateral membrane (BLM) fractions for the presence of a cross-reactive polypeptide. The C219 antibody bound to a 155,000 dalton protein in immunoblots of rat BBM but not BLM proteins resolved by sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis. The corresponding human kidney BBM and dog kidney BBM proteins had molecular weights of 170,000 and 160,000 respectively. The glycoprotein nature of the renal protein was shown by its sensitivity to N-glycanase treatment which reduced the apparent molecular weight of the dog protein to 120,000. In addition, dog P-glycoprotein could be bound to and eluted from immobilized wheat germ agglutinin. The molecular weight, antibody crossreactivity, glycosidase sensitivity and lectin binding show that this protein is a normal kidney analogue of the P-glycoprotein induced in multidrug resistant cell lines.