Parent ratings of child cognition and language compared with Bayley-III in preterm 3-year-olds

Early Hum Dev. 2015 Mar;91(3):211-6. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2015.01.009. Epub 2015 Feb 18.


Background: Parent ratings on questionnaires may provide valid and cost-effective tools for screening cognitive development of children at risk of developmental delay.

Aims: In this study, we examined the convergent validity of combining parent-based reports of non-verbal cognitive abilities (PARCA3) and verbal abilities (CDI-III) in relation to the Bayley-III cognitive scale in 3-year-olds born late pre-term.

Methods: Mothers of 185 late-preterm children were asked to complete the PARCA3 and the CDI-III shortly before children reached age three; children were then assessed using the Bayley-III close to their third birthday.

Results: The two maternal questionnaires were significantly and moderately correlated with the Bayley-III cognitive scores. Together the maternal ratings accounted for 15% of the variance in the Bayley-III cognitive scores, after controlling for other covariates in regression analysis. In particular, the PARCA3 contributed significantly to explain variance in the Bayley-III cognitive scores when controlling for the CDI-III. However, the CDI-III was also independently associated with the Bayley-III cognitive scores.

Conclusions: Parent ratings of child cognition and language together may provide cost-effective screening of development in "at risk" preschoolers.

Keywords: Child development; Parental ratings; Premature babies; Preschoolers.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cognition*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature / growth & development*
  • Infant, Premature / physiology
  • Language Development*
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology
  • Psychological Tests*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*