Intraosseous haemangioma: semantic and medical confusion

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015 Jun;44(6):718-24. doi: 10.1016/j.ijom.2015.01.025. Epub 2015 Feb 19.


The literature is rich in case reports of intraosseous haemangioma, although most of these are actually cases of venous or capillary malformations. To illustrate this confusion in terminology, we present three cases of slow-flow vascular malformations misnamed as intraosseous haemangioma. A retrospective study of children diagnosed with intraosseous haemangioma was conducted. Clinical and radiological data were evaluated. Histopathological examinations and immunohistochemical studies were redone by three independent pathologists to classify the lesions according to the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) and World Health Organization (WHO) classifications. Three children who had presented with jaw haemangiomas were identified. Computed tomography scan patterns were not specific. All tumours were GLUT-1-negative and D2-40-negative. The lesions were classified as central haemangiomas according to the WHO, and as slow-flow malformations according to the ISSVA. The classification of vascular anomalies is based on clinical, radiological, and histological differences between vascular tumours and malformations. Based on this classification, the evolution of the lesion can be predicted and adequate treatment applied. The binary ISSVA classification is widely accepted and should be applied for all vascular lesions.

Keywords: ISSVA; WHO; angioma; capillary malformation; central haemangioma; haemangioma; intraosseous haemangioma; jaw tumours; venous malformation.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hemangioma / classification*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Jaw Neoplasms / classification*
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Skull / abnormalities*
  • Spine / abnormalities*
  • Terminology as Topic*
  • Vascular Malformations / classification*

Supplementary concepts

  • Vascular Malformation, Primary Intraosseous