Arabidopsis DET1 represses photomorphogenesis in part by negatively regulating DELLA protein abundance in darkness

Mol Plant. 2015 Apr;8(4):622-30. doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2014.12.017. Epub 2014 Dec 31.


Arabidopsis De-etiolated 1 (DET1) is one of the key repressors that maintain the etiolated state of seedlings in darkness. The plant hormone gibberellic acid (GA) also participates in this process, and plants deficient in GA synthesis or signaling show a partially de-etiolated phenotype in darkness. However, how DET1 and the GA pathway work in concert in repressing photomorphogenesis remains largely unknown. In this study, we found that the abundance of DELLA proteins in det1-1 was increased in comparison with that in the wild-type plants. Mutation in DET1 changed the sensitivity of hypocotyl elongation of mutant seedlings to GA and paclobutrazol (PAC), an inhibitor of GA synthesis. However, we did not find obvious differences between det1-1 and wild-type plants with regard to the bioactive GA content or the GA signaling upstream of DELLAs. Genetic data showed that removal of several DELLA proteins suppressed the det1-1 mutant phenotype more obviously than GA treatment, indicating that DET1 can regulate DELLA proteins via some other mechanisms. In addition, a large-scale transcriptomic analysis revealed that DET1 and DELLAs play antagonistic roles in regulating expression of photosynthetic and cell elongation-related genes in etiolated seedlings. Taken together, our results show that DET1 represses photomorphogenesis in darkness in part by reducing the abundance of DELLA proteins.

Keywords: Arabidopsis; DELLA; DET1; gibberellic acid (GA); photomorphogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism*
  • Darkness*
  • Gibberellins / metabolism
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Morphogenesis / genetics
  • Morphogenesis / physiology
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / genetics
  • Signal Transduction / physiology


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • DET1 protein, Arabidopsis
  • GAI protein, Arabidopsis
  • Gibberellins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • gibberellic acid