The Influence of Electromagnetic Radiation Generated by a Mobile Phone on the Skeletal System of Rats

Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:896019. doi: 10.1155/2015/896019. Epub 2015 Feb 1.

Abstract

The study was focused on the influence of electromagnetic field generated by mobile phone on the skeletal system of rats, assessed by measuring the macrometric parameters of bones, mechanical properties of long bones, calcium and phosphorus content in bones, and the concentration of osteogenesis (osteocalcin) and bone resorption (NTX, pyridinoline) markers in blood serum. The study was carried out on male rats divided into two groups: experimental group subjected to 28-day cycle of exposures in electromagnetic field of 900 MHz frequency generated by mobile phone and a control, sham-exposed one. The mobile phone-generated electromagnetic field did not influence the macrometric parameters of long bones and L4 vertebra, it altered mechanical properties of bones (stress and energy at maximum bending force, stress at fracture), it decreased the content of calcium in long bones and L4 vertebra, and it altered the concentration of osteogenesis and bone resorption markers in rats. On the basis of obtained results, it was concluded that electromagnetic field generated by 900 MHz mobile phone does not have a direct impact on macrometric parameters of bones; however, it alters the processes of bone mineralization and the intensity of bone turnover processes and thus influences the mechanical strength of bones.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Resorption / metabolism
  • Bone Resorption / physiopathology
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism
  • Bone and Bones / pathology
  • Bone and Bones / radiation effects*
  • Calcification, Physiologic / radiation effects
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cell Phone*
  • Electromagnetic Radiation*
  • Humans
  • Musculoskeletal System / metabolism
  • Musculoskeletal System / pathology
  • Musculoskeletal System / radiation effects*
  • Phosphorus / metabolism
  • Rats

Substances

  • Phosphorus
  • Calcium