Objective: Energetic adaptations induced by bariatric surgery have not been studied in adolescents or for extended periods postsurgery. Energetic, metabolic, and neuroendocrine responses to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery were investigated in extremely obese adolescents.
Methods: At baseline and at 1.5, 6, and 12 months post-baseline, 24-h room calorimetry, body composition, and fasting blood biochemistries were measured in 11 obese adolescents relative to five matched controls.
Results: In the RYGB group, mean weight loss was 44 ± 19 kg at 12 months. Total energy expenditure (TEE), activity EE, basal metabolic rate (BMR), sleep EE, and walking EE significantly declined by 1.5 months (P = 0.001) and remained suppressed at 6 and 12 months. Adjusted for age, sex, fat-free mass, and fat mass, EE was still lower than baseline (P = 0.001). Decreases in serum insulin, leptin, and triiodothyronine (T3), gut hormones, and urinary norepinephrine (NE) paralleled the decline in EE. Adjusted changes in TEE, BMR, and/or sleep EE were associated with decreases in insulin, homeostatic model assessment, leptin, thyroid stimulating hormone, total T3, peptide YY3-36, glucagon-like peptide-2, and urinary NE and epinephrine (P = 0.001-0.05).
Conclusions: Energetic adaptations in response to RYGB-induced weight loss are associated with changes in insulin, adipokines, thyroid hormones, gut hormones, and sympathetic nervous system activity and persists 12 months postsurgery.
© 2015 The Obesity Society.