Objective: Interleukin-20 (IL-20) is implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The efficacy, safety, and tolerability of NNC0109-0012, a selective anti-IL-20 recombinant human monoclonal antibody (mAb), were assessed in patients with active RA who had an inadequate response to methotrexate therapy.
Methods: Sixty-seven patients with RA were enrolled and randomized (2:1) to receive NNC0109-0012 (3 mg/kg per week, subcutaneously) or placebo in a phase IIa, double-blind, 12-week trial with a 13-week followup. The primary end point was change in the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints based on C-reactive protein level (DAS28-CRP) from baseline to week 12.
Results: In patients treated with NNC0109-0012, the primary end point, improvement in the DAS28-CRP at week 12, was achieved (estimated difference -0.88; P = 0.02), with significant improvement starting at week 1. A greater response was observed in seropositive patients (estimated difference -1.66; P < 0.001), which was sustained through 13 weeks of followup, whereas no improvement was noted in patients with seronegative RA. A significant proportion of patients with seropositive RA receiving NNC0109-0012, compared to those receiving placebo, achieved treatment responses according to the American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) (59% versus 21%), ACR50 (48% versus 14%), and ACR70 (35% versus 0%) levels of improvement, and showed greater improvements in the Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index (P = 0.047). The most frequent adverse events reported with NNC0109-0012 were injection site reactions and infections (e.g., herpes, nasopharyngitis, respiratory, and urinary). No serious infections or discontinuations associated with NNC0109-0012 were observed.
Conclusion: In this phase IIa trial, treatment with NNC0109-0012 (anti-IL-20 mAb) was effective in patients with seropositive RA as early as week 1, with further improvements to week 12. No safety or tolerability concerns were identified with weekly NNC0109-0012 administration.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01282255.
© 2015, American College of Rheumatology.