Three new species of the pygostenine genus Doryloxenus Wasmann, viz., Doryloxenusaenictophilus sp. n. (from Zhejiang), Doryloxenustangliangi sp. n. (from Zhejiang), and Doryloxenussongzhigaoi sp. n. (from Yunnan), are described, illustrated and distinguished from the Asian congeners. An identification key to the Chinese species is given.
Keywords: China; Doryloxenus; Pygostenini; army ant; myrmecophilous; new species.