Differential expression of the UGT1A family of genes in stomach cancer tissues

Tumour Biol. 2015 Aug;36(8):5831-7. doi: 10.1007/s13277-015-3253-1. Epub 2015 Feb 25.


Uridine 5'-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) are the key players in the biotransformation of drugs, xenobiotics, and endogenous compounds. Particularly, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A (UGT1A) participates in a wide range of biological and pharmacological processes and plays a critical role in the conjugation of endogenous and exogenous components. Thirteen alternative splicing products were produced from UGT1A gene locus designated as UGT1A1 and UGT1A3-10. A growing amount of evidence suggests that they have important roles in the carcinogenesis which is well documented by colon, liver, pancreas, and kidney cancer studies. Here, we report differential expressions of UGT1A genes in normal and tumor tissues of stomach cancer patients. Total numbers of 49 patients were enrolled for this study, and expression analysis of UGT1A genes was evaluated by the real-time PCR method. Accordingly, UGT1A1, UGT1A8, and UGT1A10 were found to be upregulated, and UGT1A3, UGT1A5, UGT1A7, and UGT1A9 were downregulated in stomach tumors. No expression changes were observed in UGT1A4. Also, UGT1A6 transcription variants were significantly upregulated in stomach cancer tissues compared to normal stomach tissue. Additionally, UGT1A7 gene showed highest expression in both normal and tumoral tissues, and interestingly, UGT1A7 gene expression was significantly reduced in stage II patients as compared to other patients. In conclusion, UGT1A genes are differentially expressed in normal and tumoral stomach tissues and expression changes of these genes may affect the development and progression of various types of cancer including the cancer of the stomach.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alternative Splicing / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / biosynthesis*
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Protein Isoforms / biosynthesis*
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Stomach Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology


  • Protein Isoforms
  • UGT1A1 enzyme
  • Glucuronosyltransferase