Progress in biosimilar monoclonal antibody development: the infliximab biosimilar CT-P13 in the treatment of rheumatic diseases

Immunotherapy. 2015;7(2):73-87. doi: 10.2217/imt.14.109.

Abstract

Biosimilars are biologic medical products whose active drug substance is made by a living organism or derived from it. The term is used to describe a subsequent version of an innovator biopharmaceutical product aiming at approval following patent expiry on the reference product. Biosimilars of monoclonal need to demonstrate similar but not identical quality of nonclinical and clinical attributes. Not all data of the originator product need to be recapitulated, as large numbers of patient-years of exposure data are already available. Thus, biosimilar development is largely based on the safety profiles of the originator product. The evaluation of biosimilarity includes immunogenicity attributed risks. CT-P13 (Remsima™/Inflectra™, Celltrion/Hospira), a biosimilar of the innovator drug infliximab (INF), was the first approved complex biosimilar monoclonal antibody in the EU, within the framework of WHO, EMA and US FDA biosimilar guidelines. CT-P13 has shown analytical and nonclinical features highly similar to INF including pharmacokinetics, efficacy, safety and immunogenicity profiles in ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis. The objective of this article is to highlight the recent biosimilar development and to review the results from the studies PLANETRA and PLANETAS, which have supported the approval of CT-P13 for several indications.

Keywords: ankylosing spondylitis; biosimilar; efficacy; immunogenicity; infliximab; rheumatoid arthritis; safety.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacokinetics
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use*
  • Antirheumatic Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / blood
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / drug therapy*
  • Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals / pharmacokinetics
  • Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals / therapeutic use*
  • Drug Approval
  • European Union
  • Humans
  • Infliximab
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / blood
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / drug therapy*

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antirheumatic Agents
  • Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals
  • CT-P13
  • Infliximab