OBJECTIVE. Radiation exposure from CT examinations should be reduced to a minimum in children. Iterative reconstruction (IR) is a method to reduce image noise that can be used to improve CT image quality, thereby allowing radiation dose reduction. This article reviews the use of hybrid and model-based IRs in pediatric CT and discusses the possibilities, advantages, and disadvantages of IR in pediatric CT and the importance of radiation dose reduction for CT of children. CONCLUSION. IR is a promising and potentially highly valuable technique that can be used to substantially reduce the amount of radiation in pediatric imaging. Future research should determine the maximum achievable radiation dose reduction in pediatric CT that is possible without a loss of diagnostic image quality.
Keywords: dose reduction; iterative reconstruction; pediatric imaging.