[Rabies in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: analysis of surveillance and control actions in the municipal field]

Cien Saude Colet. 2015 Feb;20(2):577-86. doi: 10.1590/1413-81232015202.02352014.
[Article in Portuguese]

Abstract

Rabies is an anthropozoonosis characterized by acute viral encephalitis with a lethality rate close to 100%, and it has undergone an epidemiologic transition in which the cycle involving chiroptera is increasing in importance. The scope of this research sought to analyze the rabies surveillance and control actions carried out in municipalities in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Questionnaires were distributed to a representative sample of zoonosis control service managers proportionately calculated in accordance with the Health Regions, according to the State Regionalization Guidance Plan. The data gathered was recorded and analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques. Based on the results attained, the conclusion reached is that the rabies surveillance and control actions were being unsatisfactorily conducted, especially for items related to the monitoring of vampire bat colonies, viral circulation surveillance, notification and monitoring of suspect or aggressive animals, quantification of dog population and population control of stray dogs. The surveillance and control of rabies was being neglected, and was not a priority in the health services in the municipalities evaluated.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brazil
  • Chiroptera
  • Dog Diseases / epidemiology
  • Dog Diseases / prevention & control
  • Dogs
  • Epidemiological Monitoring*
  • Humans
  • Rabies / epidemiology*
  • Rabies / prevention & control*
  • Rabies / transmission
  • Rabies / veterinary