Recently, a novel class of transcripts, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), is involved in diseases including cancer. Here, we investigated the the role of lncRNA PANDAR in the progression of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). PANDAR, interacting with NF-YA, was generally downregulated in NSCLC tissues. In a cohort of 140 NSCLC patients, decreased PANDAR expression was negatively correlated with greater tumor size (P<0.001) and advanced TNM stage (P=0.002). Moreover, PANDAR could serve as an independent predictor for overall survival in NSCLC (P=0.015). Further experiments demonstrated that PANDAR expression was induced by p53, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays confirmed that PANDAR was a direct transcriptional target of p53 in NSCLC cells. PANDAR overexpression significantly repressed the proliferation in vitro and in vivo. We also showed that PANDAR-mediated growth regulation is in part due to the transcriptional modulation of Bcl-2 by interacting with NF-YA, thus affecting NSCLC cell apoptosis. To our knowledge, this is the first report which showed the role of PANDAR in the progression of NSCLC. The p53/PANDAR/NF-YA/Bcl-2 interaction might serve as targets for NSCLC diagnosis and therapy.