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Review
, 36 (2), 146-9

The Impact of Maternal Iron Deficiency and Iron Deficiency Anemia on Child's Health

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Review

The Impact of Maternal Iron Deficiency and Iron Deficiency Anemia on Child's Health

Noran M Abu-Ouf et al. Saudi Med J.

Abstract

Iron deficiency anemia is extremely common, particularly in the developing world, reaching a state of global epidemic. Iron deficiency during pregnancy is one of the leading causes of anemia in infants and young children. Many women go through the entire pregnancy without attaining the minimum required intake of iron. This review aims to determine the impact of maternal iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia on infants and young children. Extensive literature review revealed that iron deficiency is a global nutritional problem affecting up to 52% of pregnant women. Many of these women are symptomatic. Lack of proper weight gain during pregnancy is an important predictor of iron deficiency.

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