Activation of the neu tyrosine kinase induces the fos/jun transcription factor complex, the glucose transporter and ornithine decarboxylase

J Cell Biol. 1989 Nov;109(5):1911-9. doi: 10.1083/jcb.109.5.1911.


We have studied the ability of the neu tyrosine kinase to induce a signal for the activation of cell growth-regulated genes. Serum-starved NIH 3T3 cells expressing an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R)/neu construct encoding a hybrid receptor protein were stimulated with EGF and the activation of the neu tyrosine kinase and stimulation of growth factor inducible genes were followed at the mRNA, protein, and activity levels, and compared to the corresponding responses in the neu proto-oncogene and oncogene expressing cells. Induction of the expression of jun mRNAs was an immediate early effect of EGF stimulation, followed by a marked increase in the biosynthesis of the fos/jun transcription factor complex and an increased transcription factor activity as measured by a recombinant transcription unit using chloramphenicol acetyltransferase assays. In distinction, elevated AP-1/PEA-1 activity in the absence of a significant increase in jun and fos expression was characteristic of the neu oncogene-expressing cells. The glucose transporter mRNA increased at 2 h of EGF stimulation and was associated with enhanced glucose transport of the EGF-treated cells. An increase of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) mRNA and activity followed these changes. In contrast, serum-starved, EGF-treated neu proto-oncogene- and oncogene-expressing cells showed constitutively low and high glucose transporter and ODC activities, respectively. These findings demonstrate that the chimeric EGF-R/neu receptor is capable of activating the expression of both immediate early genes and biochemical activities associated with cell growth stimulation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Culture Media
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / pharmacology
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Genes* / drug effects
  • Kinetics
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins / genetics*
  • Oncogenes
  • Ornithine Decarboxylase / biosynthesis
  • Ornithine Decarboxylase / genetics*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Receptor, ErbB-2
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • Culture Media
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Receptor, ErbB-2
  • Ornithine Decarboxylase