Introduction: We studied the extent and distribution of left atrial (LA) fibrosis on delayed-enhanced (DE) MRI in a general cardiology population.
Methods and results: One hundred ninety consecutive patients referred for cardiac MRI underwent DE imaging using a free breathing method. The population comprised 60 AF patients and 130 patients without AF, including 75 with structural heart disease (SHD). DE was quantified using histogram thresholding, expressed in % of the wall. Regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of DE. Additionally, DE was registered on a template to study its distribution in subpopulations. In the total population, age, AF, and SHD were independently associated with DE. DE was increasingly observed from 11.1 ± 4.7% in patients with no SHD nor AF, 18.8 ± 7.8% in SHD and no AF history, 22.9 ± 7.8% in paroxysmal AF, to 27.8 ± 7.7% in persistent AF. Among non-AF patients, age and SHD were independently associated with DE. Among AF patients, female gender and AF persistence were independently associated with DE. DE was variably distributed but more frequently detected in the posterior wall.
Conclusion: Age, history of AF, and SHD are the most powerful predictors of atrial fibrosis, as detected by MRI, in a general cardiology population. Atrial fibrosis predominates in the posterior LA wall.
Keywords: atrial fibrillation; atrial remodeling; fibrosis; heart; magnetic resonance imaging.
© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.