Lung function following very preterm birth in the era of 'new' bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Respirology. 2015 May;20(4):535-40. doi: 10.1111/resp.12503. Epub 2015 Feb 27.


One of the most significant complications of preterm birth is bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The pathophysiology of BPD has changed in recent years as advances in neonatal care have led to increased survival of smaller, more preterm, infants who display alterations to alveolar and pulmonary microvascular development. It is becoming clear that infants with 'new' BPD experience lung disease that persists into later childhood, however, the oldest of these children are just now entering young adulthood and therefore the longer term pulmonary implications remain unknown. The role of lung function testing in the identification and subsequent management of patients with lung disease resulting from a neonatal classification of BPD is reviewed based on the underlying pathophysiology of the disease.

Keywords: bronchopulmonary dysplasia; infant lung function; lung development; lung function; preterm.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / diagnosis*
  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / physiopathology
  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / therapy
  • Child
  • Disease Management
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Extremely Premature
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lung / physiopathology*
  • Respiratory Function Tests*