Helicobacter spp. are some of the most prevalent bacterial contaminants of laboratory mice. Although abundant data regarding the diseases associated with H. hepaticus infection are available, little is known about the pathogenicity of H. ganmani, which was first isolated in 2001 from the intestines of laboratory mice. The objective of this study was to evaluate the host response to H. ganmani colonization in H. hepaticus disease-resistant C57BL/6 and disease-susceptible A/J and IL10-deficient mice. Mice were inoculated with H. ganmani, H. hepaticus, or Brucella broth. Cecal lesion scores, cecal gene expression, and Helicobacter load were measured at 4 and 90 d after inoculation. At both time points, mice inoculated with H. ganmani had similar or significantly more copies of cecum-associated Helicobacter DNA than did mice inoculated with H. hepaticus. When compared with those of sham-inoculated control mice, cecal lesion scores at 4 and 90 d after inoculation were not significantly greater in H. ganmani-inoculated A/J, C57BL/6, or IL10-deficient mice. Analysis of cecal gene expression demonstrated that H. ganmani infection failed to cause significant elevations of IFNγ in A/J, C57BL/6, or IL10-deficient mice. However, in IL10-deficient mice, H. ganmani infection was associated with a significant increase in the expression of the proinflammatory cytokine IL12/23p40. Although H. ganmani infection in this study failed to induce the typhlitis that is the hallmark of H. hepaticus infection, infection with H. ganmani was associated with alterations in inflammatory cytokines in IL10-deficient mice.