[International comparison APMP. QM-S6: determination of clenbuterol in porcine meat by isotopic dilution mass spectrometry]

Se Pu. 2014 Oct;32(10):1104-10. doi: 10.3724/sp.j.1123.2014.06024.
[Article in Chinese]


A method was developed for the determination of clenbuterol in porcine meat by iso- topic dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS). National Institute of Metrology of China (NIM) par- ticipated in the international comparison activity organized by Asia Pacific Metrology (APMP) and got an international mutual recognition result using this method. The important factors of the method, such as the spray voltage, mobile phase, chromatographic column, extraction, purification and filtration conditions were investigated to acquire optimum conditions. The opti- mization results showed that the composition and pH value of the mobile phase had effects on the response of the mass spectrum of clenbuterol and the optimal value of the spray voltage. The solvent of sample had influences on the chromatographic retention behavior of clenbuterol. It was found that methanol caused a serious solvent effect, even made chromatographic peak split. Since clenbuterol was easily adsorbed on hydrophilic filter membranes and solid phase extraction columns, there were interference suppressions for the quantification of clenbuterol because of the eluate of the solid phase extraction columns. The homogenate method with extraction solvent of 0.1% (v/v) formic acid in acetonitrile had the highest extraction efficiency. The limit of the detection (LOD, S/N > 3) of the method was 0.2 μg/kg. The determination results of clenbuterol in the porcine meat by this method were 5.18 μg/kg ± 0.50 μg/kg (k = 2). This method is accurate, reliable, reproducible, and suitable for the determination of clenbuterol with trace quantity in porcine meat.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography
  • Clenbuterol / analysis*
  • Food Contamination / analysis*
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Meat / analysis*
  • Solid Phase Extraction
  • Swine


  • Clenbuterol