Most chemoattractants rely on activation of the heterotrimeric G-protein Gαi to regulate directional cell migration, but few links from Gαi to chemotactic effectors are known. Through affinity chromatography using primary neutrophil lysate, we identify Homer3 as a novel Gαi2-binding protein. RNA interference-mediated knockdown of Homer3 in neutrophil-like HL-60 cells impairs chemotaxis and the establishment of polarity of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP3) and the actin cytoskeleton, as well as the persistence of the WAVE2 complex. Most previously characterized proteins that are required for cell polarity are needed for actin assembly or activation of core chemotactic effectors such as the Rac GTPase. In contrast, Homer3-knockdown cells show normal magnitude and kinetics of chemoattractant-induced activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and Rac effectors. Chemoattractant-stimulated Homer3-knockdown cells also exhibit a normal initial magnitude of actin polymerization but fail to polarize actin assembly and intracellular PIP3 and are defective in the initiation of cell polarity and motility. Our data suggest that Homer3 acts as a scaffold that spatially organizes actin assembly to support neutrophil polarity and motility downstream of GPCR activation.
© 2015 Wu et al. This article is distributed by The American Society for Cell Biology under license from the author(s). Two months after publication it is available to the public under an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported Creative Commons License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0).