Increasing evidence shows that microRNAs play an important role in kidney disease. However, functions of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in kidney diseases remain undefined. We have previously shown that TGF-β1 plays a diverse role in renal inflammation and fibrosis and Smad3 is a key mediator in this process. In this study, we used RNA-sequencing to identify lncRNAs related to renal inflammation and fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy induced in Smad3 wild-type and knockout mice. We found that Arid2-IR was a Smad3-associated lncRNA as a Smad3 binding site was found in the promoter region of Arid2-IR and deletion of Smad3 abolished upregulation of Arid2-IR in the diseased kidney. In vitro knockdown of Arid2-IR from tubular epithelial cells produced no effect on TGF-β-induced Smad3 signaling and fibrosis but inhibited interleukin-1β-stimulated NF-κB-dependent inflammatory response. In contrast, overexpression of Arid2-IR promoted interleukin-1β-induced NF-κB signaling and inflammatory cytokine expression without alteration of TGF-β1-induced fibrotic response. Furthermore, treatment of obstructed kidney with Arid2-IR shRNA blunted NF-κB-driven renal inflammation without effect on TGF-β/Smad3-mediated renal fibrosis. Thus, Arid2-IR is a novel lncRNA that functions to promote NF-κB-dependent renal inflammation. Blockade of Arid2-IR may represent a novel and specific therapy for renal inflammatory disease.