We developed a transplantable tissue-engineered skin equivalent composed of autologous cultured keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and a decellularized allogeneic dermis (acellular allogeneic dermal matrix; ADM) obtained from cadavers. In a process taking 3 weeks, cultured autologous keratinocytes from burn patients were expanded and then grown on ADMs. The tissue-engineered autologous skin equivalents (TESEs) were then transplanted in a one-stage procedure to the debrided third-degree burn wounds of 4 patients. The mean graft survival rate was 96%. Delayed graft loss and graft fragility were not observed. Histological and immunohistological findings indicated that the transplanted TESE had similar characteristics to normal human split-thickness skin grafts. These results suggest that the TESE using ADM can be used for permanent repair of full-thickness skin defects.