Ninety-two bifidobacterial strains were obtained from the faeces of 5 baby common marmosets, three known species Bifidobacterium aesculapii, Bifidobacterium callithricos and Bifidobacterium reuteri and 4 novel putative bifidobacterial species were retrieved. The occurrence of bifidobacteria in non-human primate babies is described for the first time.
Keywords: Baby common marmoset; Bifidobacterium spp.; Gut microbiota; hsp60 RFLP-PCR analysis.
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