Xylosyltransferase II is the predominant isoenzyme which is responsible for the steady-state level of xylosyltransferase activity in human serum

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015 Apr 10;459(3):469-74. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.02.129. Epub 2015 Mar 3.


In mammals, two active xylosyltransferase isoenzymes (EC exist. Both xylosyltransferases I and II (XT-I and XT-II) catalyze the transfer of xylose from UDP-xylose to select serine residues in the proteoglycan core protein. Altered XT activity in human serum was found to correlate directly with various diseases such as osteoarthritis, systemic sclerosis, liver fibrosis, and pseudoxanthoma elasticum. To interpret the significance of the enzyme activity alteration observed in disease states it is important to know which isoenzyme is responsible for the XT activity in serum. Until now it was impossible for a specific measurement of XT-I or XT-II activity, respectively, because of the absence of a suitable enzyme substrate. This issue has now been solved and the following experimental study demonstrates for the first time, via the enzyme activity that XT-II is the predominant isoenzyme responsible for XT activity in human serum. The proof was performed using natural UDP-xylose as the xylose donor, as well as the artificial compound UDP-4-azido-4-deoxyxylose, which is a selective xylose donor for XT-I.

Keywords: Glycosaminoglycan; Human serum; Mass spectrometry; Proteoglycan; Xylosyltransferase.

MeSH terms

  • Catalytic Domain
  • Cell Line
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / blood
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism
  • Models, Molecular
  • Pentosyltransferases / blood*
  • Pentosyltransferases / chemistry
  • Pentosyltransferases / metabolism
  • Proteoglycans / biosynthesis
  • Proteoglycans / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Serine / chemistry
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry
  • Uridine Diphosphate Xylose / analogs & derivatives
  • Uridine Diphosphate Xylose / metabolism
  • Xylose / metabolism


  • Isoenzymes
  • Proteoglycans
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Uridine Diphosphate Xylose
  • Serine
  • Xylose
  • Pentosyltransferases
  • UDP xylose-protein xylosyltransferase