Salmonellae interactions with host processes

Nat Rev Microbiol. 2015 Apr;13(4):191-205. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro3420. Epub 2015 Mar 9.


Salmonellae invasion and intracellular replication within host cells result in a range of diseases, including gastroenteritis, bacteraemia, enteric fever and focal infections. In recent years, considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that salmonellae use to alter host cell physiology; through the delivery of effector proteins with specific activities and through the modulation of defence and stress response pathways. In this Review, we summarize our current knowledge of the complex interplay between bacterial and host factors that leads to inflammation, disease and, in most cases, control of the infection by its animal hosts, with a particular focus on Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium. We also highlight gaps in our knowledge of the contributions of salmonellae and the host to disease pathogenesis, and we suggest future avenues for further study.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Epithelial Cells / microbiology
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / immunology
  • Inflammation / microbiology
  • Salmonella Infections / immunology
  • Salmonella Infections / microbiology*
  • Salmonella Infections / pathology
  • Salmonella typhimurium / physiology*
  • Stress, Physiological