Aims: Cancer cell-derived immunoglobulin (Ig)G (cancer-IgG) has been found to be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of many cancers, including lung cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between cancer-IgG expression in lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) and clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcome.
Methods and results: Immunohistochemical analysis was performed using an RP215 monoclonal antibody to determine cancer-IgG expression in 140 lung ADC patients. Cell migration and invasion were analysed in A549 cell line after short interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of IgG and cell sorting by flow cytometry. Our results show that RP215 immunostaining score is correlated significantly with local invasion (P < 0.05) and tumour differentiation (P < 0.05) in ADC. Moreover, RP215 staining was significantly higher in metastatic tumours than in primary tumours (P < 0.0001). The knockdown of IgG resulted in a reduction of cell migration and invasion. In contrast, RP215-positive cells displayed greater migration and invasion ability than RP215-negative cells. Additionally, a higher RP215 immunostaining score was associated significantly with poor prognosis.
Conclusions: RP215 staining is correlated strongly with differentiation, local invasion, metastasis and clinical outcome of patients with lung ADC. Our results suggest that RP215 can serve as a biomarker for prognosis of lung ADC.
Keywords: immunoglobulin G; lung neoplasms; prognosis.
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.