Perceived core competency achievements of fellowship and non-fellowship-trained early career pediatric hospitalists

J Hosp Med. 2015 Jun;10(6):373-9. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2337. Epub 2015 Mar 6.


Background: The pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) core competencies were established in 2010 to identify the specific knowledge base and skill set needed to provide the highest quality of care for hospitalized children. The objectives of this study were to examine the perceived core competency achievements of fellowship-trained and non-fellowship-trained early career pediatric hospitalists and identify perceived gaps in our current training models.

Methods: An anonymous Web-based survey was distributed in November 2013. Hospitalists within 5 years of their residency graduation reported their perceived competency in select PHM core competencies. χ(2) and multiprobit regression analyses were utilized.

Results: One hundred ninety-seven hospitalists completed the survey and were included; 147 were non-fellowship-trained and 50 were PHM fellowship graduates or current PHM fellows. Both groups reported feeling less than competent in sedation and aspects of business practice. Non-fellowship-trained hospitalists also reported mean scores in the less than competent range in intravenous access/phlebotomy, technology-dependent emergencies, performing Plan-Do-Study-Act process and root cause analysis, defining basic statistical terms, and identifying research resources. Non-fellowship-trained hospitalists reported mean competency scores greater than fellowship-trained hospitalists in pain management, newborn care, and transitions in care.

Conclusions: Early career pediatric hospitalists report deficits in several of the PHM core competencies, which should be considered when designing PHM-specific training in the future. Fellowship-trained hospitalists report higher levels of perceived competency in many core areas.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence / standards*
  • Education, Medical, Graduate
  • Hospital Medicine / education*
  • Hospital Medicine / standards
  • Hospitalists / education*
  • Hospitalists / standards
  • Hospitals, Pediatric
  • Humans
  • Pediatrics / education*
  • Self-Assessment
  • Surveys and Questionnaires