A new vector, pSK1.MDR, has been constructed for expressing nonselectable genes in eukaryotic cells. The vector uses the human multidrug resistance gene, MDR1, as a dominant selectable marker and contains an additional transcription unit plus a unique SalI cloning site for inserting nucleotide sequences to be expressed. To test this expression system, a cDNA (IL2R) for the 55-kDa interleukin-2 receptor was inserted into the SalI site, and the resulting plasmid was transfected into NIH3T3 cells. Cells which acquired the MDR1 gene were selected with colchicine, and cells with high levels of MDR1 expression were selected by growth in increasing concentrations of the drug. Drug resistant cells also expressed the cotransferred, nonselected IL2R gene, and its expression was increased to 740,000 receptors per cell by growing cells in high concentrations of colchicine. The MDR1 system represents a very efficient method for synthesizing large amounts of protein in a wide variety of eukaryotic cells.