[Stress and work-related injuries]

Clin Ter. 2015;166(1):e7-e22. doi: 10.7417/CT.2015.1804.
[Article in Italian]

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate in scientific literature the more frequent work injuries among the occupational categories examined (construction workers, healthcare workers, night workers and shift work, drivers) and to identify occupational stressors that increase the risk of injury.

Materials and methods: The research was conducted through review of the scientific literature between 1990 and 2014. Two hundred articles were found of which 42 selected in the following categories: construction workers, healthcare workers, shift workers, lorry drivers.

Results: The movement of machinery and working at height are due to injury for building sector and they were positively correlated with physical (r = 0,206) and mental (r = 0,254) stress. In health workers the injuries are more frequently bruises and sprains (50%). Studies showed a higher rate of injury in a group of shift workers compared to a control group on a rota basis (p <0.0001). Road accidents for drivers represent the most frequent cause of injury of which 13% comes from falling asleep, while 31% from distractions (OR = 3.16; CI = 1:22 to 8:24).

Conclusions: Nurses have frequent injuries due to bruises, lumbago, punctures with needles and surgical wounds. Construction workers often suffer serious injury derived from falls at height, handling machinery. For workers on a rota basis, injuries are often related to lack of sleep. Road accidents in drivers are the most common injuries. A synergistic action finalized to promote health and safety organization, to ensure a work environment more secure, is advisable.

Keywords: Construction workers; Drivers; Health care workers; Occupational stress; Risk perception; Work injury; Workers in shifts.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Health
  • Occupational Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Occupations / statistics & numerical data*
  • Personnel Staffing and Scheduling
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*