[Knowledge of electronic cigarettes and their perceived harmfulness among the adult population in Barcelona (Spain)]

Gac Sanit. Jul-Aug 2015;29(4):296-9. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.01.014. Epub 2015 Mar 7.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Objective: To describe knowledge of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and their perceived harmfulness in the population of Barcelona in 2013-2014.

Methods: We used participants from a longitudinal study of a representative sample of the adult population in the city of Barcelona (n=736). The field work was conducted between May 2013 and February 2014.

Results: Awareness of e-cigarette was 79.2%. The average level of knowledge was 4.4 points out of 10; there were statistically significant differences according to age, educational level, tobacco consumption, and nicotine dependence. Most participants had learned about e-cigarettes through traditional media (57.8%). Nearly half (47.2%) of the participants believed that e-cigarettes are less harmful than conventional cigarettes.

Conclusion: Advertising of e-cigarettes in the media should be regulated because there is still scarce scientific evidence about the usefulness and harmful effects of these devices.

Keywords: Advertisement; Awareness; Cigarrillo electrónico; Conocimiento; Cross-sectional study; Electronic cigarettes; Estudio transversal; Publicidad; e-cigarettes; e-cigarrillo.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Advertising
  • Aged
  • Educational Status
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems* / adverse effects
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems* / psychology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Media
  • Middle Aged
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Smoking / psychology
  • Spain / epidemiology
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / psychology
  • Urban Population
  • Vaping / adverse effects